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quarta-feira, junho 15, 2011

Comunicado do grupo Transexual Portual - Estudos de Género. História da homossexualidade em Portugal



Desde 2006, quando do assassinato da transexual Gisberta Salca Júnior, que se tem vindo a afirmar a luta das pessoas transexuais para uma separação efectiva da transexualidade da Homossexualidade. Com efeito, e embora essa reivindicação da comunidade transexual já existisse, foi desde esse triste caso que se assumiu que homossexualidade tem a ver com a orientação sexual e a transexuaidade tem a ver com identidade de género.

Dentro da comunidade transexual existem pessoas com diferentes orientações sexuais, como em qualquer outra comunidade. E dentro da comunidade homossexual existem pessoas transexuais como de qualquer outra comunidade.

Assim, foi com espanto e profundo pesar que se viu aparecer uma iniciativa do programa Escola de Verão da Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa íntitulada Estudos de Género. História da homossexualidade em Portugal.

Esta iniciativa, louvável per si, vem colar novamente a transexualidade à homossexualidade. Logo na relação título/programa se pode ler :"O reconhecimento pelas democracias ocidentais dos direitos individuais das lésbicas, gays, bissexuais, transexuais e trangéneros surge em resposta a uma luta política já com mais de meio século que foi iniciada por pelas comunidades gay que estruturavam a sua identidade em novos moldes, nos Estados Unidos nos anos 50 do século XX, mas que cedo se transportou para a Europa.", portanto impondo de imediato que a transexualidade é parte integrante da homossexualidade, algo que se pensava já ter ficado escarecido como duas partes independentes da complexidade do ser humano (pese-se o facto de se encontrar tudo interligado dentro da mesma complexidade).

O ponto 1 do programa intitula-se Identidade de Género. A explanação do referido ponto refere :"As teorias queer são a destruição última das teorias essencialistas, inclusive das feministas, afirmando o género e a sexualidade como construções sociais e políticas, como espaços plásticos, culturais e não espaços naturais.
As teorias queer questionam o sistema político heterosexista e patriarcal em que vivemos, recusando a falsa colagem do sexo biológico à identidade de género, criticando o binarismo de género homem/mulher e desconstruindo o masculino e o feminismo como conceitos biopolíticos definidos pelo sistema heteronormativo."

Como se pode observar, neste primeiro ponto nem sequer se vai focar a Identidade de Género em si mesma, mas teorias de género, que não são necessariamente a mesma coisa, género não é sinónimo de identidade de género. Muito menos é a identidade de género uma mera construção social (como é definido o género) como o provam a existência de inúmeras crianças transexuais que com idades tão precoces como 4, 5 e 6 anos, já sentem não pertencer ao género que lhes é atribuído à nascença.

Por estas razões, o grupo Transexual Portugal vem por este meio demonstrar o seu repúdio pela descarada colagem feita da transexualidade e da identidade de género à homossexualidade, bem como ao uso do termo identidade de género como sinónimo ou termo aglutinador de teorias de género e teorias queer.

Estas situações, infelizmente não pouco usuais, servem unicamente para confundir a população, pois orientação sexual e identidade de género são distintas e identidade de género não é sinónimo de género nem de teorias queer.

Pelo Grupo Transexual Portugal,

Eduarda Santos e Lara Crespo

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[OR, USA]
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